What Is The Future Of 5G Technology?
Most people associate 5G technology with mobile devices and related machinery, with faster access to the Internet, brilliant latency, etc. Though not wide of the mark, the statement barely makes for a small part of what this 5th generation technology is all about or the many wondrous virtues it has to offer.
Although 5G has just recently made its way to the commercial world, its popularity is evident as this next-generation wireless network tech is not just of value for individuals but also for industries and applications. With multiple types of 5G technology deployed through various carriers, the prime focus will be on massive scale capacity and more significant shares of available networks.
- Switch from MIMO to massive MIMO.
- High multi-Gbps peak data speeds with extending frequency rates.
- Ultra-reliable low latency communications.
- A switch to polar codes for control channels and low-density parity codes for data channels.
- Massive machine-type communications and network capacity.
- Increased availability.
- A consistent user experience.
Is All 5G The Same?
No. not all 5G networks are the same. The 5G spectrum has four primary bands – the Low band( ranging between 600-900 MHz), Mid-band or also called Sub-6 (ranging between 2.5 – 4.2 GHz), millimeter-wave, or mmWave (for frequencies above 24GHz), and Unlicensed spectrum (can be accessed for several uses including 5G).
The primary bands often come down to discussing two bands – Sub-6 and mmWave, and the difference among them. Sub-6 refers to the use of a complete spectrum that is below the frequency of 6Ghz, meaning a combination of Low-band and mid-band. While with Sub-6, one gets better reach and coverage, the 5G speed is often slower. Whereas the situation flips when talking about mmWave or millimeter-wave. mmWave offers much better capacity with brilliantly fast 5G speeds (the speed in question is multi-gigabit per second) but with limited coverage. mmWave requires a dense population of cellular base deployment because it could only reach a couple of hundred meters with challenges like being unbendable around corners and impenetrable through walls.
Given the issues mentioned above, many companies and countries are deploying a mix of multiple 5G technologies. The distribution is based on factors such as propagation characteristics, frequency bandwidth, co-existing conditions, and much more. Moreover, since countries auction off their spectrum allocations, the mmWave regime is bound to vary as per the country in question, increasing users’ wait before mmWave reaches its full potential.
The future of 5G
Now that there is a fair idea of what 5G is and all that could be expected of it let us discuss the future scope of 5G. If mobile phones are the limit of 5G’s use, or is there more? Will 6G follow 5G, if yes, then when, and more.
5G is also infamously referred to as the key to digital inclusions for all the right reasons. The impact of emerging industries, including Augmented Reality (AR), the Internet of all things(IoT), Artificial intelligence (AI), Robotics, Quantum computing, and drone technology, etc., when combined with the resourcefulness of 5G, can only leave one guessing what future looks like. Future industries and applications can hugely benefit from all that 5G offers, from negligent latency to superior reliability, etc. With remote healthcare, digitized logistics, safer transportation, and precision agriculture no longer being too far from reality.
Smart City Infrastructure And Autonomous Driving
While the topic of smart cities infrastructure-wise and autonomous cars have long been the talk of the world of science, 5G can be what brings them to reality.
The market, though, witnessed a surge in models for the same. Enabling such technology innovation requires low latency and ultra-high capacity networks for proper functioning cannot be emphasized more precisely what 5G offers.
Many wireless solutions need to be employed for autonomous cars to drive around without the risk of accidents or false alarms. Apart from the machine learning and machine vision on the edge of the devices, smart, safer, and more efficient autonomous transportation can use a plethora of IoT devices integration through 5G connectivity.
A vehicle shall not just communicate with the vehicles around them but through AI connect to everything and anything around it, from traffic lights to pedestrians and even infrastructure. Needless to say, that each will be 5G-connected devices in and out.
Reforming Broadband And Services Model
The 5G NR technology is set not just to reshape but improve yet another industry beyond smartphones, and that’s commercial and residential broadband internet services.
The effect will be even more profound in under-served areas which face issues with last-mile connectivity or legacy fiber/cable internet operators. The 5G services will ensure that one stays connected to the network 24/7 with gigabit and multi-gigabit wireless services in homes and offices. It will further eliminate the need for wifi.
Gaming and cloud computing experiences are bound to be enriched with low latency and high-speed connections such as 5G, not to mention the competition it will create between ISPs and carriers. The initial 5G wireless connection will be based on fiber broadband backhaul connections which backbones the current power internet. However, the Standalone 5G infrastructure is not far from reality, given the efforts in place.
What Will Follow 5G? Is it 6G?
To say that one has not yet thought of what’s after 5G, especially research, will be too wide of the mark. The attempts to think beyond 5G, that is, 6G, are already in place.
6G will strike with a further extended frequency range, and the frequency here in question is that in the range of terahertz. A step ahead of 5G, 6G will not focus on just high speed but on finding solutions to social issues with attempts to fuse the cyber and physical world even more closely together. However, achieving the dream of 6G is yet far ahead in the future, something that will require fundamental changes to everything from models to the infrastructure.
While over 60+ countries have already or are ready to welcome 5G, better said to integrate 5G into their realm of wireless network, the world is yet to accept and explore 5G services to their full potential. Despite the pace, one thing is certain: the world is heading in a completely new direction both technologically and experience-wise with the new 5G infrastructure, and the future events will be noteworthy.