8 Most Common Cyber Attacks

 

Cybersecurity is one of the most popular and essential dub uses for safety and security online. It is a rapidly growing concern among individuals and businesses regarding organizational reputation and data security.  

Numerous cybersecurity threats are becoming intense because of the technological development and prowess it has provided to hackers. Recently, there have been many data breach incidents that have positively affected online data and security. High amounts of data can be compromised.  Such as the Equifax data breach, Mirai Botnet, WannaCry attack, and many others. 

Therefore, businesses and individuals need to protect their identity against various cyber-attacks. Listed below are some of the common cybersecurity threats that you should be aware of. 

Social Engineering And Phishing Attack

Phishing is the mail that appears to be from trusted and reliable sources. The aim here is to gain some sensitive information or to spread dangerous malware. Part hacking tricks, part confidence tricks, and phishing are among the most common and easiest ways to crack your password and essential details to breach an individual’s or business’s fact. Spear phishing has a similar outcome, but it uses an advanced and focused approach. This attack requires detailed information and research on an individual or particular business group. 

Password Attack And Credential Reuse

This attack is one of the most common and feared attacks that springs to mind while talking about cybersecurity. Even after experiencing and knowing about high risks, people fail to add a strong password, inadvertently giving them away to scammers or scribbling them on a piece of paper. Hackers use robust password hacking technology and techniques using standard and weak passwords or previously hacked lists of passwords.  

Denial-Of-Service Attacks

There are varieties of DDoS (distributed denial of service) and DoS attacks. This type of attack leaves devastating consequences on an individual and businesses. Some of the most common DoS are Botnets, ping-of-death, TCP SYN flood attack, smurf attack, and teardrop attack. DDoS and DoS tremendously herd business sales by targeting web servers, which can stop regular users’ connectivity. This could lead to disappointed customers, website downtime, reputation damage, data losses, and compensation payouts.  

Man-In-The-Middle (MitM)

A man-in-the-middle attack is an attack when the hacker inserts himself between two legitimate hosts—nearly known as the cyber equivalent of hearing a private conversation. Apart from eavesdropping on a private conversation, the hacker also disguises himself as one of the people speaking. Meaning it doesn’t just listen and intercept the messages between the server and clients, but it can plant requests and change the letters that appear from the legitimate source. This attack is tough to detect, but you can take proper precautions.  

SQL Injections

The SQL (structured query language) is an attack where code can insert code maliciously. For a hacker, it is as simple as submitting some malicious code into some website search engine. Once they unleash the code, it can easily read, delete, or modify your data or personal information. Some of these SQL attacks can completely shut down your database and issue harmful commands into your operating system.  

Zero-Day Exploit

If a consumer uncovers a particular security risk in his program, he may notify the software company so they can issue and develop a security patch. The company may also share its discovery online. While your software developers try to fix this issue, hackers can easily exploit your data. However, this type of attack is usually complicated to defend since its nature is only known after it has occurred.  

Cross-Site Scripting

Cross-site scripting is an attack that runs in conjunction with various social engineering.  It needs the user to visit a particular web page where the hacker has inserted a malicious script. When you see that infected web page, they can easily expose your data to various dangerous and unpleasant consequences. In the worst-case scenario, the XSS attack can also excess microphones, log keystrokes, webcams and take control over your entire machine. JavaScript is one of the most widely used vehicles across the web.  

Drive-By-Downloads

Unlike other cyber-attacks, you don’t have to open any download or email attachment to anything hacked or infected from drive-by-downloads. This attack can easily take advantage of any operating system, applications, or web browser if it is vulnerable. 

Conclusion

Hackers have many different techniques and methods to compromise a system. By understanding common types of cyber-attacks, you can detect critical vulnerabilities. Conducting regular sophisticated social engineering, penetration testing, in-depth user awareness, and unique and robust password training has become a crucial part of the ongoing cyber safety and security assessment program.